Call Email Map Hours

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis, often known as DVT, can be a life-threatening condition if not identified and treated early.

Deep vein thrombosis occurs when there is a blockage in one of the deep veins of the body. This is usually one of the veins in the calf.

The calf muscle in the lower leg plays an important role in circulating the blood around the body by pumping venous blood back to the heart. If the calf muscle is unused for a long period of time, there is a higher chance of the blood pooling inside the vein and becoming a clot.

This is more common after sustaining a serious leg injury, where the leg may be immobilised and unused for some time. Long distance travel can also cause the leg to be held in position for long periods without movement.

Other contributors to blood clotting include hormone replacement therapy, the contraceptive pill, pregnancy, being overweight, or suffering from clotting disorders.

One of the biggest concerns with DVT is the possibility of a pulmonary embolism. This occurs when a part of the blockage breaks away, flows through the blood stream, and lodges in the smaller blood vessels of the lungs. This scenario is extremely dangerous, and potentially fatal.

A DVT can be identified by unusual swelling, redness, warmth, or pain in the affected area. Usual locations for pain are in the calf muscle or in the back of the knee.

DVT’s are often treated through medication to thin the blood or in some circumstances compression stockings. If you have any suspicions of a DVT it is recommended that you seek medical advice immediately.