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Rheumatoid Arthritis Foot Pain

What is Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation that can affect more than just the joints in the body. RA can affect but the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels. An autoimmune disorder is where your body mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues. In osteoarthritis which is caused by so-called wear-and-tear of the joint, so for example you knees or ankles. RA attacks the lining of your joints which causes painful inflammation of the joint. Over time this inflammation and joint lining damage causes bone erosion and joint deformity.

What are the Symptoms?

The normal signs and symptoms tend to be achy and puffy joints that tend to be warm to the touch, patients may feel very lethargic and have no energy and just generally unwell in some cases patients may develop a fever and a loss of appetite that contributes to weight loss, you joint may feel stiff in the morning and tend to loosen up with activity.

Early onset rheumatoid arthritis affect the smaller joints first so for example the joint in your hands and feet and with time will move to your bigger joints like your knees and elbows.

If diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis patients may not have any symptoms for a few month but then as if from nowhere be affected with a range of problems, this is known as a flare up and with medication the swelling and pain fade or disappear completely for a few month this is known as a period of remission.

Rheumatoid nodules. These firm bumps of tissue most commonly form around pressure points, such as the fingers. However, these nodules can form anywhere in the body, even internal organs like the lungs.

Rheumatoid arthritis vs. osteoarthritis

As aforementioned Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system attacks the joint lining the synovium — the lining of the membranes that surround your joints.

The resulting inflammation thickens the synovium, which can eventually destroy the cartilage and bone within the joint.

The tendons and ligaments that hold the joint together weaken and stretch. Gradually, the joint will become misaligned or sub-luxed.

Complications

Rheumatoid arthritis and associated medicines can increases your risk of potentially developing other diseases for example Osteoporosis, Sjogren’s syndrome, Infections RA can impair the immune system (immunosuppressed) leading to increased infections, Carpal tunnel syndrome, possible Heart problems, Lung disease and Lymphoma.